Help/Help/TextFormattingRules

Synopsis

Emphasis: // for italics, ** for bold, **//...//** for both, ## for fixed width.
Lists: * for bullet lists, # for numbered lists; use multiple * or # for nested lists.
Headings: "==", "===", "====", etc. make headings.
Preformatted text: Enclose text in {{{...}}} or <pre></pre>.
Indented text: Indent the paragraph with whitespaces.
References: use double square brackets for a [[page link]] or URL [[http://cool.wiki.int/]].
References: use pipe | to name the links: [[page link|some text]] or [[http://cool.wiki.int/|some text]].
Preventing linking: Prefix with "~": ~DoNotHyperlink.
Misc: "\\" makes a linebreak, "----" makes a horizontal rule.
Allowed HTML tags: b big i small tt em strong s strike abbr acronym cite code dfn kbd samp var sup sub
More: tables, images, table of contents, plugins

More explanations: Help:TextFormattingRules

Character Formatting

Emphasis

  • Use a double slash (//) for emphasis (usually italics)
  • Use a double asterisk (**) for strong emphasis (usually bold)
  • Mix them at will: bold italics
  • Emphasis can be used multiple times within a paragraph, but cannot cross paragraph boundaries:

// this

will not work//

Monospace

Monospace text is made using two hashes:

This sentence contains ##monospace text##.

This sentence contains monospace text.

Superscript

Superscript text is made using two carets:

The XX^^th^^ century.

The XXth century.

Subscript

Subscript text is made using two commas:

Water is H,,2,,O.

Water is H2O.

Fonts

There's no syntax for font tags.

Color Text

Is it possible to write text in color.

%color=green% green text %% and back to normal

will give:
green text and back to normal

The easiest way to do it is to use the COLOR button in the Edit Toolbar. The text will be in green by default. You can then change the color.

Allowed colors are:

  • an HTML color number (# followed by 3 or 6 digits),
  • the following predefined color names:

aqua

beige

black

blue

brown

chocolate

cyan

fuchsia

gold

gray

green

ivory

indigo

lime

magenta

maroon

navy

olive

orange

pink

purple

red

salmon

silver

snow

teal

turquoise

violet

white

yellow

Note: you can put the headers in color, but only if you do not have a table of content. For now, the table of content is incompatible with color headers.

Escape Character

The tilde '~' is the Escape Character:

  • A single tilde '~' followed by nothing gets rendered as a single tilde. => ~
  • Two tilde '~~' get rendered as a single tilde. => ~
  • A single tilde before a link ('~http://foo.bar') prevents linking. => http://foo.bar
  • Two tildes before a link ('~~http://foo.bar') produce a tilde followed by the hyperlinked URL. => ~http://foo.bar
  • A tilde inside an URL gets removed, unless it's formatted inside square brackets.
  • Two tildes inside an URL (without brackets) become a single tilde. => http://foo.bar/~user or http://foo.bar/~user

Special Characters

All special non-whitespace HTML characters are displayed as-is. Exceptions below.

Special non-ASCII or non-latin characters are printed as-is only if supported by the native wiki CHARSET. Add such characters on a non-supported CHARSET with the Help:RawHtmlPlugin if it is enabled by the Admin and e.g. the &#num; syntax.

E.g. These Japanese chars 'から 新規ページ' on this utf-8 wiki.

And with the plugin:

Plugin RawHtml disabled. Raw HTML is only allowed in locked pages.
<?plugin RawHtml &#12363;&#12425; &#26032;&#35215;&#12506;&#12540;&#12472; ?>

And this is how it should look:

Paragraphs

  • Don't indent paragraphs
  • Words wrap and fill as needed
  • Use blank lines as separators
  • Four or more minus signs make a horizontal rule
  • "\\", "%%%" or "<br>" makes a linebreak (in headings and lists too)

Lists

Unordered lists

Recommended syntax (Wikicreole):

  • asterisk for first level
  • double asterisk for second level, etc.

Be sure to put a space after the asterisk.

You can also use indented asterisk for second level (indent at least two spaces).

Ordered lists

Recommended syntax (Wikicreole):

  • # for first level
  • double # for second level, etc.

Be sure to put a space after the hash sign.

You can also use indented # for second level (indent at least two spaces).

Definition lists

Term:
  definition

gives

Term
definition

Remark

Items may contain multiple paragraphs and other multi-lined content, just indent the items

Headings

Wikicreole syntax (recommended)

  • '==' at the start of a line makes a large heading (h2)
  • '===' at the start of a line makes a medium heading (h3)
  • '====' at the start of a line makes a small heading (h4)
  • '=====' at the start of a line makes a smaller heading (h5)
  • '======' at the start of a line makes a tiny heading (h6)

Classic Phpwiki syntax

  • '!!!' at the start of a line makes a large heading (h2)
  • '!!' at the start of a line makes a medium heading (h3)
  • '!' at the start of a line makes a small heading (h4)

Preformatted text

Place the preformatted text between three opening curly brackets and three closing curly brackets:

{{{
Preformatted text. ~WikiLinks do not work.
}}}

gives

Preformatted text. WikiLinks do not work.

If you want Wiki interaction, place preformatted lines inside <pre>:

<pre>
Preformatted text. WikiLinks still work.
</pre>

gives

Preformatted text. WikiLinks still work.

Indented Paragraphs

Two or more whitespaces signal indented text. Indents may be nested.

This is an indented block of text.

This block is even more indented.

E-mail style block-quoting is supported as well:

> This is block-quoted text.

renders as

This is block-quoted text.

References

  • Hyperlinks to other pages within the Wiki are made by placing the page name in double square brackets: this is a page link. Single brackets or WikiWords will also work.
  • Hyperlinks to external pages are done like this: http://www.wcsb.org/
  • You can name the links by providing a name, a pipe (|) and then the hyperlink or pagename: PhpWiki home page, the front page
  • You can suppress linking to URIs by preceding the word with a '~', e.g. NotLinkedAsWikiName, http://not.linked.to/
  • Also, the old way of linking URL's is still supported: precede URLs with "http:", "ftp:" or "mailto:" to create links automatically as in: http://c2.com/
  • URLs ending with .png, .gif, or .jpg are inlined if in square brackets, by themselves:
  • In-page hyperlinks are made by placing a named anchor and referring to the anchor in a hyperlink:

    • Named anchors:

      • #[[foo]]: An anchor around the text "foo" with id "foo".
      • #[[|foo]]: An empty anchor with id "foo".
      • #[[howdy|foo]]: An anchor around the text "howdy" with id "foo".
    • References to name anchors are made thusly:
      [[#hyperlinks]], [[OtherPage#foo]], [[OtherPage#foo|named]].
  • Semantic links are named links like: is_a :: WikiPage and attributes like size:-4000.
  • A pagelink within square brackets starting with ":" is not backlinked.

Images

An inline image is created with curly brackets. An alternate text can be put after a pipe. If there is none, an empty alternate text will be created.

{{myimage.png}}
{{myimage.png|this is the alt text for my image}}
[[some link|{{myimage.png}}]] - if you click on the image, will goto "some link"
[[some link|{{myimage.png|alt text}}]] - same with alternative
[[http://example.com/|{{myimage.png}}]] - same as above: picture links to url
[[http://example.com/|{{myimage.png|alt text}}]] - same with alternative

Tables

Wikicreole tables

All cells are separated by single pipes. Leading spaces are permitted before the first cell of a row and trailing spaces are permitted at the end of a line. The ending pipe is optional.

You can embed links, bold, italics, line breaks, and nowiki in table cells.

Equal sign directly following pipe defines a header. Headers can be arranged horizontally or vertically.

|=Heading Col 1 |=Heading Col 2         |
|Cell 1.1       |Two lines\\in Cell 1.2 |
|Cell 2.1       |Cell 2.2               |

will give:

Heading Col 1 Heading Col 2
Cell 1.1 Two lines
in Cell 1.2
Cell 2.1 Cell 2.2

Mediawiki tables

See Help:MediawikiTablePlugin.

Definition list style tables

Definition list style tables are written just like definition lists, except that you replace the trailing colon on the term with a "pipe" (|).

Term 1 |
   Definition 1 begins here.
   Term 1.1 |
      Definition 1.1
   Term 1.2 |
      Definition 1.2
   This is part of definition 1.
Term 2 |
   Here's definition 2.

will give:

Term 1

Definition 1 begins here.

Term 1.1 Definition 1.1
Term 1.2 Definition 1.2

This is part of definition 1.

Term 2 Here's definition 2.

HTML Mark-Up Language

  • Some in-line markup is allowed through the use of HTML tags: b, big, i, small, tt, em, strong, abbr, acronym, cite, code, dfn, kbd, samp, var, sup and sub
  • < and > are themselves
  • The & characters will not work

Creating various kinds of special links

See Help:MagicPhpWikiURLs for gory details on how to write various kind of wiki maintenance and other special links.

Inserting plugins

Several plugins permit embedding additional functionality to Wiki pages. For example,

<<BackLinks page=HomePage info=hits>>

gives

73 pages link to HomePage:
|<<   << - 1 / 2 - Next >>   >>|
|<<   << - 1 / 2 - Next >>   >>|
Page Name. Hits.
Help/RedirectToPlugin 2862
Help/OldTextFormattingRules 2804
Help/Help/TextFormattingRules 19636
Help/TextFormattingRules 17549
Help/Spreadsheet 2337
Help/AllUsersPlugin 3634
Help/LdapSearchPlugin 3846
Help/FileInfoPlugin 3510
Help/RateItPlugin 3198
Help/ChartPlugin 3655
Help/TranslateTextPlugin 2920
Help/PageHistoryPlugin 3808
Help/WikiForumPlugin 2153
Help/SyncWikiPlugin 2834
Help/AddCommentPlugin 8241
Help/TexToPngPlugin 3123
Help/WikiBlogPlugin 21715
Help/Adobe Flash 3359
Help/AtomFeedPlugin 4189
Help/PloticusPlugin 3243
Help/ListPagesPlugin 3688
Help/PluginManagerPlugin 3275
Help/PhotoAlbumPlugin 3152
Help/AppendTextPlugin 3680
Help/GoogleMapsPlugin 3839
Help/PagePermissions 3141
Help/LinkDatabasePlugin 672975
Help/ExternalSearchPlugin 3783
Help/ListSubpagesPlugin 3169
Help/YouTubePlugin 2566
Help/WikiAdminChownPlugin 9425
Help/EditMetaDataPlugin 3694
Help/WhoIsOnlinePlugin 3603
Help/UpLoadPlugin 3123
Help/WikiAdminSetAclPlugin 14660
Help/AsciiSVGPlugin 3956
Help/RecentCommentsPlugin 2477
Help/CreateTocPlugin 4749
Help/OldStyleTablePlugin 3712
Help/CalendarPlugin 186231
Help/RecentEditsPlugin 3842
Help/PageTrailPlugin 3727
Help/WikiAdminRemovePlugin 16068
Help/WikiAdminUtilsPlugin 3852
Help/PageInfoPlugin 5200
Help/SyntaxHighlighterPlugin 3816
Help/AnalyseAccessLogSqlPlugin 4674
Help/BackLinksPlugin 4890
Help/TitleSearchPlugin 3805
Help/CreateBibPlugin 4597

For more information on plugins see Help:WikiPlugin, and PluginManager for a list of all plugins.



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