Emphasis: '' for italics, __ for bold, ''__ for both.
Lists: * for bullet lists, # for numbered lists, ; term : definition for definition lists.
References: JoinCapitalizedWords or use square brackets for a [page link] or URL [].
Footnotes: Use [1],[2],[3],...
Preventing linking: Prefix with "!": !DoNotHyperlink, name links like [[text | URL] (double up on the "[").
Misc: "!", "!!", "!!!" make headings, "%%%" makes a linebreak, "----" makes a horizontal rule.
Tables: »|« as first char, »|« for more columns, »|>« align right, »|<« align left, »|^« centered (default), »||« span columns, »|v« span rows


  • Don't indent paragraphs
  • Words wrap and fill as needed
  • Use blank lines as separators
  • Four or more minus signs make a horizontal rule
  • %%% makes a linebreak (in headings and lists too)


  • asterisk for first level

    • asterisk-asterisk for second level, etc.
  • Use * for bullet lists, # for numbered lists (mix at will)
  • semicolon-term-colon-definition for definition lists:
term here
definition here, as in the <DL><DT><DD> list
  • One line for each item
  • Other leading whitespace signals preformatted text, changes font.


  • '!' at the start of a line makes a small heading
  • '!!' at the start of a line makes a medium heading
  • '!!!' at the start of a line makes a large heading


  • Indent with one or more spaces to use a monospace font:
 This is in monospace

This is not

Indented Paragraphs

  • semicolon-colon -- works like <BLOCKQUOTE>
this is an indented block of text


  • Use doubled single-quotes ('') for emphasis (usually italics)
  • Use doubled underscores () for strong emphasis (usually bold)
  • Mix them at will: bold italics
  • Emphasis can be used multiple times within a line, but cannot cross line boundaries:

this will not work


  • Hyperlinks to other pages within the Wiki are made by placing the page name in square brackets: this is a page link or UsingWikiWords (preferred)
  • Hyperlinks to external pages are done like this:
  • You can name the links by providing a name, a bar (|) and then the hyperlink or pagename: PhpWiki home page - the front page
  • You can suppress linking to old-style references and URIs by preceding the word with a '!', e.g. NotLinkedAsWikiName,
  • You can create footnotes by using [1], [2], [3], ... like this here [1]. See footnote for counterpart. (If the [ is in the first column, it is a footnote definition rather than a footnote reference [1].)
  • Also, the old way of linking URL's is still supported: precede URLs with "http:", "ftp:" or "mailto:" to create links automatically as in:
  • URLs ending with .png, .gif, or .jpg are inlined if in square brackets, by themselves:
  • Semantic links are named links like: is_a::WikiPage and attributes like size:-4000.
  • A pagelink within square brackets starting with ":" is not backlinked.


  • Simple tables are available. A table row is introduced by a | in the first column. It is best described by example:
      ||  __Name__               |v __Cost__   |v __Notes__
      | __First__   | __Last__
      |> Jeff       |< Dairiki   |^  Cheap     |< Not worth it
      |> Marco      |< Polo      | Cheaper     |< Not available
will generate
 Name   Cost   Notes 
 First   Last 
 Jeff   Dairiki   Cheap   Not worth it 
 Marco   Polo   Cheaper   Not available 
Note that multiple |'s lead to spanned columns, and v's can be used to span rows. A > generates a right justified column, < a left justified column and ^ a centered column (which is the default.)
With the new Help:TextFormatingsRules tables are only supported with the Help:OldStyleTablePlugin.

HTML Mark-Up Language

  • Don't bother
  • < and > are themselves
  • The & characters will not work
  • If you really must use HTML, your system administrator can enable this feature. Start each line with a bar (|). Note that this feature is disabled by default.


[1] By using [1] a second time (in the first column) the footnote itself is defined. You may refer to a footnote as many times as you want, but you may only define it once on the page. Note the the [1] in the footnote links back to the first reference, if there are multiple references there will be +'s after the [1] which will link to the other references. (References which come after the footnote definition will not be linked to.)

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